Eine Swastika (auch Svastika, Suastika; von Sanskrit m. स्वस्तिक svastika ‚Glücksbringer') ist ein Kreuz mit vier etwa gleich langen, einheitlich. NS-Symbole wie das Hakenkreuz oder die doppelte Sigrune werden heute kaum noch offen von Mit- gliedern der rechtsextremen Szene zur Schau getragen. Woher kommt das Hakenkreuz? | Das ursprünglich indische Symbol des Sonnenrades wird von den Nationalsozialisten abgewandelt und für ihre Zwecke.
Hakenkreuz, Hakenkreuzfahnea). gleichschenkliges Kreuz mit vier in die gleiche Richtung weisenden, rechtwinklig geknickten, spitzwinkligen oder abgerundeten Armen. b). Hakenkreuz als. Eine Swastika ist ein Kreuz mit vier etwa gleich langen, einheitlich abgewinkelten Armen. Sie können nach rechts oder links zeigen, recht-, spitz-, flachwinkelig oder rundgebogen und mit Kreisen, Linien, Spiralen, Punkten oder sonstigen Ornamenten. Wer hat's erfunden? Wieso?, mag manch einer einwenden. Das Hakenkreuz hat Adolf Hitler schließlich nicht erfunden. Das Zeichen ist schon aus der asiatischen.
Hagenkreuz Hakenkreuz VideoDie Charité (2019) Medizin unterm Hakenkreuz Main article: Western use of the swastika in the early Major 2021 century. The A to Z of Hinduism. Chilocco Indian Agricultural School basketball team in Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant. Retrieved 18 August The investigators put forth the theory that the swastika moved westward from India to FinlandScandinaviathe Scottish Highlands and other parts of Europe. It is also widely used by a 3d Majong of southwestern tribes, most notably the Navajo Exporo Bestand, and plains nations such as the Dakota. In the Zoroastrian religion of Persiathe swastika was a symbol of the revolving sun, infinity, or continuing creation. Thanks for contributing Hakenkreuz should be in sentence. Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism. Download Plaque Inc Tipps PDF Printable version. Cambridge Advanced Learner's Dictionary. The swastikas on Hindu, Buddhist, and Jain temples are exempt, as religious symbols cannot be banned in Germany. Post Pronounce word Archived from the Horse Betting on 11 August The noun HAKENKREUZ has 1 sense: 1. the official emblem of the Nazi Party and the Third Reich; a cross with the arms bent at right angles in a clockwise direction Familiarity information: HAKENKREUZ used as a noun is very rare. noun swastika [noun] a cross with the ends bent at right angles, adopted as the badge of the Nazi party in Germany before the Second World War. (Translation of Hakenkreuz from the PASSWORD German–English Dictionary © K Dictionaries Ltd). In Nazi Germany the swastika (German: Hakenkreuz), with its oblique arms turned clockwise, became the national sonofnoonemovie.com a poet and nationalist ideologist Guido von List had suggested the swastika as a symbol for all anti-Semitic organizations; and when the National Socialist Party was formed in –20, it adopted it. Define Hakenkreuz. Hakenkreuz synonyms, Hakenkreuz pronunciation, Hakenkreuz translation, English dictionary definition of Hakenkreuz. n. A swastika. American. German. a swastika, especially that used as the emblem of the Nazi party and the Third Reich.
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Wikimedia Commons. In the diverse traditions within Hinduism, both the clockwise and counterclockwise swastika are found, with different meanings.
The clockwise or right hand icon is called swastika , while the counterclockwise or left hand icon is called sauvastika.
It is one of the important monuments of Pallava dynasty. All Jain temples and holy books must contain the swastika and ceremonies typically begin and end with creating a swastika mark several times with rice around the altar.
The four arms of the swastika symbolize the four places where a soul could be reborn in samsara , the cycle of birth and death — svarga "heaven", naraka "hell", manushya "humanity" or tiryancha "as flora or fauna" — before the soul attains moksha "salvation" as a siddha , having ended the cycle of birth and death and become omniscient.
In Chinese, Japanese, and Korean the swastika is also a homonym of the number 10,, and is commonly used to represent the whole of creation, e.
When the Chinese writing system was introduced to Japan in the 8th century, the swastika was adopted into the Japanese language and culture.
It is commonly referred as the manji lit. Since the Middle Ages, it has been used as a mon by various Japanese families such as Tsugaru clan , Hachisuka clan or around 60 clans that belong to Tokugawa clan.
In Chinese and Japanese art , the swastika is often found as part of a repeating pattern. One common pattern, called sayagata in Japanese, comprises left- and right-facing swastikas joined by lines.
An object very much like a hammer or a double axe is depicted among the magical symbols on the drums of Sami shamans, used in their religious ceremonies before Christianity was established.
Sometimes on the drums, a male figure with a hammer-like object in either hand is shown, and sometimes it is more like a cross with crooked ends, or a swastika.
The pagan Anglo-Saxon ship burial at Sutton Hoo , England, contained numerous items bearing the swastika, now housed in the collection of the Cambridge Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.
Hilda Ellis Davidson theorized that the swastika symbol was associated with Thor , possibly representing his Mjolnir — symbolic of thunder — and possibly being connected to the Bronze Age sun cross.
She placed it where she could for happiness, including drawing it in pencil on the walls and windows in the Ipatiev House — where the royal family was executed.
There, she also drew a swastika on the wallpaper above the bed where the heir apparently slept. The neo-Nazi Russian National Unity group's branch in Estonia is officially registered under the name "Kolovrat" and published an extremist newspaper in under the same name.
One Narva resident was sentenced to 1 year in jail for distribution of Kolovrat. The bronze frontispiece of a ritual pre-Christian c.
At the Northern edge of Ilkley Moor in West Yorkshire , there is a swastika-shaped pattern engraved in a stone known as the Swastika Stone.
Ancient Greek architectural, clothing and coin designs are replete with single or interlinking swastika motifs. There are also gold plate fibulae from the 8th century BCE decorated with an engraved swastika.
The swastika symbol is also known in these contexts by a number of names, especially gammadion ,  or rather the tetra-gammadion. Ancient Greek architectural designs are replete with the interlinking symbol.
In Greco-Roman art and architecture, and in Romanesque and Gothic art in the West, isolated swastikas are relatively rare, and the swastika is more commonly found as a repeated element in a border or tessellation.
The swastika often represented perpetual motion, reflecting the design of a rotating windmill or watermill. A meander of connected swastikas makes up the large band that surrounds the Augustan Ara Pacis.
A design of interlocking swastikas is one of several tessellations on the floor of the cathedral of Amiens , France. A swastika border is one form of meander , and the individual swastikas in such a border are sometimes called Greek keys.
There have also been swastikas found on the floors of Pompeii. Bronze Age Mycenaean "doll" with human, solar and tetragammadion swastika symbols, Louvre Museum.
Greek helmet with swastika marks on the top part circled , — BCE from Taranto , found at Herculanum. Two sauwastikas opposite-facing swastikas on an ancient Greek kantharos , Attica, c.
The swastika was widespread among the Illyrians , symbolizing the Sun. The Sun cult was the main Illyrian cult; the Sun was represented by a swastika in clockwise motion, and it stood for the movement of the Sun.
Swastikas in Armenia were founded on petroglyphs from the copper age, predating the Bronze Age. During the Bronze Age it was depicted on cauldrons , belts, medallions and other items.
Swastikas can also be seen on early Medieval churches and fortresses, including the principal tower in Armenia's historical capital city of Ani.
Swastika shapes have been found on numerous artifacts from Iron Age Europe. In Christianity, the swastika is used as a hooked version of the Christian Cross , the symbol of Christ's victory over death.
Some Christian churches built in the Romanesque and Gothic eras are decorated with swastikas, carrying over earlier Roman designs.
Swastikas are prominently displayed in a mosaic in the St. Sophia church of Kyiv , Ukraine dating from the 12th century. They also appear as a repeating ornamental motif on a tomb in the Basilica of St.
Ambrose in Milan. A ceiling painted in in the church of St Laurent in Grenoble has many swastikas.
It can be visited today because the church became the archaeological museum of the city. A proposed direct link between it and a swastika floor mosaic in the Cathedral of Our Lady of Amiens , which was built on top of a pagan site at Amiens , France in the 13th century, is considered unlikely.
The stole worn by a priest in the painting of the Seven Sacraments by Rogier van der Weyden presents the swastika form simply as one way of depicting the cross.
Swastikas also appear in art and architecture during the Renaissance and Baroque era. The fresco The School of Athens shows an ornament made out of swastikas, and the symbol can also be found on the facade of the Santa Maria della Salute , a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica located at Punta della Dogana in the Dorsoduro sestiere of the city of Venice.
In the Polish First Republic the symbol of the swastika was also popular with the nobility. According to chronicles, the Rus' prince Oleg , who in the 9th century attacked Constantinople , nailed his shield which had a large red swastika painted on it to the city's gates.
Boreyko, Borzym, and Radziechowski from Ruthenia, also had swastikas as their coat of arms. The family reached its greatness in the 14th and 15th centuries and its crest can be seen in many heraldry books produced at that time.
The swastika was also a heraldic symbol, for example on the Boreyko coat of arms , used by noblemen in Poland and Ukraine. In the 19th century the swastika was one of the Russian Empire's symbols, and was used on coinage as a backdrop to the Russian eagle.
A swastika can be seen on stonework at Valle Crucis Abbey , near Llangollen. Because the outer lines point counterclockwise instead of the swastika's clockwise-pointing ends, this is referred to as a sauwastika.
This pattern can be found in a Venetian palace that likely follows a Roman pattern, at Palazzo Roncale, Rovigo. A swastika composed of Hebrew letters as a mystical symbol from the Jewish Kabbalistic work "Parashat Eliezer".
Swastikas on the vestments of the effigy of Bishop William Edington d. The Victorian-era reproduction of the Swastika Stone on Ilkley Moor , which sits near the original to aid visitors in interpreting the carving.
Swastikas can be seen in various African cultures. In Ethiopia the Swastika is carved in the window of the famous 12th Century rock-hewn church Lalibela.
In Ghana, the swastika is among the adinkra symbols of the Akan peoples. Called nkontim , swastikas could be found on Ashanti gold weights and clothing.
The swastika is a Navajo symbol for good luck, also translated to "whirling log". The symbol was used on state road signs in Arizona. In the Western world, the symbol experienced a resurgence following the archaeological work in the late 19th century of Heinrich Schliemann , who discovered the symbol in the site of ancient Troy and associated it with the ancient migrations of Proto-Indo-Europeans , whose proto-language was not coincidentally termed "Proto-Indo-Germanic" by German language historians.
He connected it with similar shapes found on ancient pots in Germany, and theorized that the swastika was a "significant religious symbol of our remote ancestors", linking it to ancient Teutons , Greeks of the time of Homer and Indians of the Vedic era.
Schliemann's work soon became intertwined with the political völkisch movements, which used the swastika as a symbol for the " Aryan race " — a concept that theorists such as Alfred Rosenberg equated with a Nordic master race originating in northern Europe.
The swastika remains a core symbol of neo-Nazi groups. The Benedictine choir school at Lambach Abbey , Upper Austria, which Hitler attended for several months as a boy, had a swastika chiseled into the monastery portal and also the wall above the spring grotto in the courtyard by Their origin was the personal coat of arms of Abbot Theoderich Hagn of the monastery in Lambach, which bore a golden swastika with slanted points on a blue field.
In the s the Theosophical Society adopted a swastika as part of its seal, along with an Om , a hexagram or star of David , an Ankh and an Ouroboros.
The current seal also includes the text "There is no religion higher than truth. The Danish brewery company Carlsberg Group used the swastika as a logo  from the 19th century until the middle of the s when it was discontinued because of association with the Nazi Party in neighbouring Germany.
In Copenhagen at the entrance gate, and tower, of the company's headquarters, built in , swastikas can still be seen.
The tower is supported by four stone elephants, each with a swastika on each side. The tower they support is topped with a spire, in the middle of which is a swastika.
In the fifties Heinrich Böll came across a van belonging to the company while he was staying in Ireland, leading to some awkward moments before he realized the company was older than Nazism and totally unrelated to it.
The chimney of the boiler-house of the laundry still stands, but the laundry has been redeveloped. In Finland, the swastika vääräpää meaning 'crooked-head', and later hakaristi , meaning 'hook-cross' was often used in traditional folk-art products, as a decoration or magical symbol on textiles and wood.
The swastika was also used by the Finnish Air Force until , and is still used on air force flags. The tursaansydän , an elaboration on the swastika, is used by scouts in some instances,  and by a student organization.
Traditional textiles are still made in Finland with swastikas as parts of traditional ornaments. The Finnish Air Force used the swastika as an emblem, introduced in , until January The swastika was also used by the women's paramilitary organization Lotta Svärd , which was banned in in accordance with the Moscow Armistice between Finland and the allied Soviet Union and Britain.
According to the protocol, the president shall wear the Grand Cross of the White Rose with collar on formal occasions.
The original design of the collar, decorated with 9 swastikas, dates from and was designed by the artist Akseli Gallen-Kallela.
The Grand Cross with the swastika collar has been awarded 41 times to foreign heads of state. To avoid misunderstandings, the swastika decorations were replaced by fir crosses at the decision of president Urho Kekkonen in after it became known that the President of France Charles De Gaulle was uncomfortable with the swastika collar.
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